The

Four Ancient Books

of

Wales

CONTAINING

The Cymric Poems attributed to the Bards of

The Sixth Century

BY WILLIAM F. SKENE

EDINBURGH

EDMONSTON AND DOUGLAS

1868

 

CHAPTER I. The Poems contained in the Four Ancient Books of Wales

CHAPTER II. The Literature of Wales subsequent to the Twelfth Century

CHAPTER III. Sources of the Early History of Wales

CHAPTER IV. State of the Country in the Sixth Century, and its History prior to A.D. 560
CHAPTER V. State of Britain in A.D. 560 when Gildas wrote, and Kings of the Line of Dyfi 
CHAPTER VI. Manau Gododin and the Picts
CHAPTER VII. The Races of Britain, and the Place of the Picts among them
CHAPTER VIII. The Celtic Dialects and the Probable Character of the Pictish Language
CHAPTER IX. The Celtic Topography of Scotland, and the Dialectic Differences indicated by it
CHAPTER X. Cumbria and the Men of the North
CHAPTER XI. Recent Criticism of the Mythological Poems examined
CHAPTER XII. Recent Criticism of the Historical Poems examined
CHAPTER XIII. True Place of the Poems in Welsh Literature
CHAPTER XIV. Result of the Examination of the Poems, and their Classification

TRANSLATION OF THE POEMS

I. HISTORICAL POEMS CONTAINING ALLUSIONS TO EVENTS PRIOR TO A.D. 560

 A. POEMS REFERRING TO EARLY TRADITIONS
I The Reconciliation of Lludd the Less: Book of Taliessin LIV
II Death-song of Corroi, son of Dayry: Book of Taliessin XLII
III Death-song of Erof: Book of Taliessin XL
IV Book of Taliessin XLI
V Book of Taliessin XLVI
 B. POEMS REFERRING TO ARTHUR THE GULEDIG
VI The Chair of the Sovereign: Book of Taliessin XV
VII Black Book of Caermarthen XXXI
VIII Book of Taliessin XXX
IX Geraint, son of Erbin: Black Book of Caermarthen XXII & Red Book of Hergest XIV
 C. POEMS REFERRING TO GWYDYON AP DON AND HIS GWYDDYL AND THE BRITHWYR
X Daronwy: Book of Taliessin X
XI The Praise of Lludd the Great: Book of Taliessin LII
XII Book of Taliessin XIV
XIII The Battle of Godeu: Book of Taliessin VIII
XIV Book of Taliessin I
Red Book of Hergest XXIII
XV Death-song of Dylan son of the Wave: Book of Taliessin XLIII
XVI Black Book of Caermarthen XXXV
XVII Red Book of Hergest XXII
 D. POEM REFERRING TO GWYDDNO AND GWYNN AP NUDD
XVIII Black Book of Caermarthen XXXIII
 E. POEMS REFERRING TO EARLY TRADITIONS WHICH BELONG TO A LATER SCHOOL
XIX The Chair of Ceridwen: Book of Taliessin XVI
XX Death-song of Uthyr Pendragon: Book of Taliessin XLVIII
XXI Book of Taliessin XLV
XXII The Praise of Taliessin: Book of Taliessin XII
XXIII Black Book of Caermarthen XXXVIII
 F. POEMS RELATING TO CITIES OF THE CYMRY AND THEIR LEGENDARY HEROES.
XXIV Black Book of Caermarthen XV
XXV Book of Taliessin XXI & Black Book of Caermarthen XIV
XXVI Black Book of Caermarthen VIII
XXVIII Book of Taliessin XXV
XXIX The Verses of the Graves: Black Book of Caermarthen XIX

II HISTORICAL POEMS CONTAINING ALLUSIONS TO EVENTS SUBSEQUENT TO A.D. 560

 G. POEMS REFERRING TO WAR BETWEEN SONS OF LLYWARCH HEN AND MWG MAWR DREFYDD
XXX Names of the Sons of Llywarch Hen: Black Book of Caermarthen XXXIX
XXXI Black Book of Caermarthen XXX
XXXII Black Book of Caermarthen XXXIV
XXXIII Red Book of Hergest XI
 H. POEMS RELATING TO GWALLAWG AP LLEENAWG
XXXIV Black Book of Caermarthen XXXII
XXXV Book of Taliessin XI
XXXVI Book of Taliessin XXXVIII
 I. POEMS RELATING TO URIEN REGED
XXXVII Red Book of Hergest XVII
XXXVIII Book of Taliessin XXXI
XXXIX Book of Taliessin XXXII
XL Book of Taliessin XXXIII
XLI Book of Taliessin XXXIV
XLII Book of Taliessin XXXVI
XLIII The Satisfaction of Urien: Book of Taliessin XXXIX
XLIV The Spoils of Taliessin, a Song to Urien: Book of Taliessin XXXVII
XLV Red Book of Hergest XII
 J. POEMS RELATING TO URIEN AND HIS SON OWEN
XLVI Book of Taliessin XVIII
XLVII The Affair of Argoed Llwyfain: Book of Taliessin XXXV
XLVIII Death-song of Owain: Book of Taliessin XLIV
 K. POEMS RELATING TO THE BATTLE OF ARDDERYD
XLIX Black Book of Caermarthen I
L Black Book of Caermarthen XVII
L. THE GODODIN POEMS
LI The Gododin: Book of Aneurin I
LII The Gorchan of Tudvwich: Book of Aneurin II
LIII The Gorchan of Cynvelyn: Book of Aneurin IV
LIV The Gwarchan of Maelderw: Book of Aneurin V
LV Song to Ale: Book of Taliessin XX
M. POEMS RELATING TO CADWALLAWN
LVI Book of Taliessin XLIX
LVII Book of Taliessin L
LVIII Red Book of Hergest XV
N. PREDICTIVE POEMS RELATING TO CADWALADYR
LIX The Omen of Prydein the Great: Book of Taliessin VI
LX Book of Taliessin XLVII
LXI Book of Taliessin LIII
O. POEMS CONNECTED WITH POWYS
LXII Satire of Cynan Garwyn son of Brochwael: Book of Taliessin XXIII
LXIII Red Book of Hergest XVI
P. POEMS WHICH MENTION HENRY, OR THE, SON OF HENRY
LXIV A Dialogue between Myrdin and his sister Gwendydd: Red Book of Hergest I
LXV A Fugitive Poem of Myrdin in his Grave: Red Book of Hergest II
LXVI Black Book of Caermarthen XVI
LXVII Black Book of Caermarthen XVIII
LXVIII Red Book of Hergest XX
LXIX Red Book of Hergest XIX
LXX Red Book of Hergest XXI

III. MISCELLANEOUS POEMS FROM THE BLACK BOOK OF CAERMARTHEN

Q. POEMS ATTRIBUTED TO OTHER EARLY BARDS
LXXI Meigant: Black Book of Caermarthen II
LXXII Cuhelyn: Black Book of Caermarthen III
LXXIII Black Book of Caermarthen IV
LXXIV The Cynghogion of Elaeth: Black Book of Caermarthen XX
LXXV Black Book of Caermarthen XXI
R. ANONYMOUS POEMS ON RELIGIOUS SUBJECTS
LXXVI Black Book of Caermarthen V
LXXVII Black Book of Caermarthen VI
LXXVIII Black Book of Caermarthen VII
LXXIX Black Book of Caermarthen IX
LXXX Black Book of Caermarthen X
LXXXI Black Book of Caermarthen XI
LXXXII Black Book of Caermarthen XII
LXXXIII Black Book of Caermarthen XIII
LXXXIV Black Book of Caermarthen XXV
LXXXV Black Book of Caermarthen XXIX
S. POEMS RELATING TO YSCOLAN
LXXXVI Black Book of Caermarthen XXVI
LXXXVII Black Book of Caermarthen XXVII

IV. MISCELLANEOUS POEMS FROM THE BOOK OF ANEURIN

T. POEMS CONTAINING ANCIENT PROVERBS
LXXXVIII The Gwarchan of Adebon: Book of Aneurin III

V. MISCELLANEOUS POEMS FROM THE BOOK OF TALIESSIN

U. POEMS RELATING TO THE LIFE AND OPINIONS OF TALIESSIN
LXXXIX The Fold of the Bards: Book of Taliessin III
XC Hostile Confederacy: Book of Taliessin VII
XCI The Chair of Taliessin: Book of Taliessin XIII
XCII Song to the Wind: Book of Taliessin XVII
XCIII Song to Mead: Book of Taliessin XIX
XCIV Song to the Great World: Book of Taliessin LV
XCV Song to the Little World: Book of Taliessin LVI
XCVI Juvenile Ornaments of Taliessin: Book of Taliessin IX
XCVII The Elegy of the Thousand Sons: Book of Taliessin II
XCVIII The Pleasant Things of Taliessin: Book of Taliessin IV
XCIX Book of Taliessin V
C Book of Taliessin XXVII
V. POEMS RELATING TO JEWISH HISTORY
CI The Plagues of Egypt: Book of Taliessin XXII
CII The Rod of Moses: Book of Taliessin. XXIV
CIII Book of Taliessin XXIX
CIV Book of Taliessin LI
W. POEMS RELATING TO ALEXANDER THE GREAT
CV The Contrived World: Book of Taliessin XXVI
CVI Book of Taliessin XXVIII

VI. MISCELLANEOUS POEMS FROM THE RED BOOK OF HERGEST

X. POEMS ATTRIBUTED TO LLYWARCH HEN
CVII Red Book of Hergest V
CVIII Red Book of Hergest VI
CIX Red Book of Hergest VII
CX Red Book of Hergest VIII
CXI Red Book of Hergest IX
CXII Red Book of Hergest X
CXIII Red Book of Hergest XIII
Y. POEMS BEGINNING "EIRY MYNYD"
CXIV Red Book of Hergest IV
CXV Red Book of Hergest III
Z. POEMS ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS.
CXVI Red Book of Hergest XVIII
CXVII The Viaticum of Llevoed Wynebglawr: Red Book of Hergest XXIV

ILLUSTRATIONS

Map of Prydyn, Y Gogled, Cymry

This web version based upon the version scanned at sacred-texts.com, March 2003. John Bruno Hare, redactor. This text is in the public domain. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution is left intact