From Scythia to Camelot
a book and thesis by Dr. Linda Malcor and co-author Scott Littleton

   The thesis proposes that elements of the Arthurian stories, in particular those having to do with Arthur's swords, derive from the myths and epics of the Scythians via two Scythian tribes who lived in Western Europe under the Romans: the Alans, particularly in Brittany, and a group of Sarmatians commanded by Lucius Artorius Castus (LAC) in Britain around 180CE. LAC would have been memorialized as the hero of the traditional epics, and these epics would later have been reflected in the account of "Nennius" and in various sources of the legend. The hypothesis is not accepted by everyone, but it does provide an interesting possible explanation of Arthur's name and the sword in the stone legend.
   This "Sarmatian hypothesis" does, like many other theories, attempt to explain details that can also be explained in other ways, some say with perhaps equally coherent and plausible means. We have arguments about various cultures casting swords into bodies of water, various possible reasons Arthur has the Virgin Mary on his shield/shoulder, and the source and meaning of Arthur's name and those of other characters.
   Discussing and discovering just how much the Alans and Sarmatians contributed to the legends, if at all, requires a vast knowledge of the cultures and politics of greater Europe from pre-Christian times to the present. Like many other of the theories, this one will be with us for a long time.

From Scythia to Camelot: A Radical Reassessment of the Legends of King Arthur, the Knights of the Round Table, and the Holy Grail, C. Scott Littleton, Dr Linda Malcor (Paperback - May 2000) other Editions: Library Binding